In review (3)

Beck, C. and Nicholson, L.: Numerical study of the error sources in the experimental estimation of thermal diffusivity: an application to debris-covered glaciers, EGUsphere [preprint],, 2023.

Evatt, G. W., Mayer, C., Wirbel, A. Abrahams, I. D. and Nicholson, L. – A reassessment of ice cliff dynamics, submitted to Annals of Glaciology

McCarthy, M., Nicholson, L., Willis I., and Pritchard, H. – A comparison of thermal remote sensing approaches to quantifying supraglacial debris thickness, submitted to Journal of Glaciology

Peer-reviewed publications (47)

Engel, M., Coviello, V., Savi, S., Buter, A., Andreoli, A., Miyata, S., Marchetti, G., Scorpio, V., Rathburn, S., Nicholson, L. and Comiti, F. (2024) Meltwater-driven sediment transport dynamics in two contrasting alpine proglacial streams. Journal of Hydrology, p.131171.

Steiner, J., Buri, P., Abermann, J., Prinz, R., and Nicholson, L. (2023). Steep ice – progress and future challenges in research on ice cliffs. Annals of Glaciology, 1-5.

Goger, B., Stiperski, I.,Nicholson, L., and Sauter, T. (2022) Large-eddy Simulations of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer over an Alpine Glacier: Impact of Synoptic Flow Direction and Governing Processes, Quaternary Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,

Nicholson, L., Wirbel, A., Mayer, C. and Lambrecht, A. (2021) The challenge of non-stationary feedbacks in the response of debris-covered glaciers to climate forcing, Frontiers in Earth Science, 9, 10.3389/feart.2021.662695

Racoviteanu, A.E., Nicholson L, Glasser, N. F., Miles, E., Harrison, S., Reynolds J. (2021) Debris-covered glacier systems and associated glacial lake outburst flood hazards: challenges and prospects, Journal of the Geological Society,

Racoviteanu, A., Nicholson, L. and Glasser, N. (2021) Surface composition of debris-covered glaciers across the Himalaya using spectral unmixing and multi-sensor imagery, The Cryosphere, 15, 4557–4588,

Chambers, J., Smith, M., Smith, T., Sailer, R., Quincey, D., Carrivick, J. Nicholson, L., Mertes, J.,  Stiperski, I.A and James, M. (2021) Correcting for systematic underestimation of topographic glacier aerodynamic roughness values from Hintereisferner, Austria, Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 9,

Rowan, A.V,, Nicholson, L., Quincey, D.J., Gibson, M.J., Irvine-Fynn, T.D.L., Watson, C.S., Wagnon, P., Rounce, D.R., Thompson, S.S., Porter, P.R. and Glasser, N.F.  (2021) Seasonally stable temperature gradients through supraglacial debris in the Everest region of Nepal, Central Himalaya, Journal of Glaciology 1–12.

Mott, R., Stiperski, I. and Nicholson, L. (2020) Insights into the effect of spatial and temporal flow variations on turbulent heat exchange at a mountain glacier, The Cryosphere, 14, 4699–4718,

Smith, T., Smith, M., Chambers, J., Sailer, R., Nicholson, L., Mertes, J., Quincey, D., Carrivick, J. and Stiperski, I. (2020) A scale-dependent model to represent changing aerodynamic roughness of ablating glacier ice, Journal of Glaciology 1-15. doi:10.1017/jog.2020.56

Nicholson, L. and Stiperski, I. (2020) Comparison of turbulent structures and energy fluxes over exposed and debris-covered glacier ice, Journal of Glaciology 1–13. [pdf]

Kinnard, C., Ginot, P., MacDonell, S., Nicholson, L., Patris, N., Rabatel,A., Rivera, A. And Squeo, F. (2020) Mass balance and climate history of a high altitude glacier, Desert Andes of Chile, Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 8(40) doi: 10.3389/feart.2020.00040 [pdf]

Rastner P., Notarnicola C., Nicholson L., Prinz R., Sailer R., and Paul, F.  (2019) Automated mapping of snow cover on glaciers and calculation of snow line altitudes from multi-temporal Landsat data, Remote Sensing, 11(12), 1410, [pdf]

Zolles, T., Maussion, F., Galos, S. P., Gurgiser, W., and Nicholson, L. (2019) Robust uncertainty assessment of the spatio-temporal transferability of glacier mass and energy balance models, The Cryosphere, 13, 469-489, [pdf].

Nicholson, L. I., McCarthy, M., Pritchard, H. D., and Willis, I. (2018) Supraglacial debris thickness variability: impact on ablation and relation to terrain properties, The Cryosphere, 12, 3719-3734, [pdf].

Prinz R., Heller A., Ladner M., Nicholson L. and Kaser G.  (2018) Mapping the loss of Mt. Kenya’s glaciers: an example of the challenges of satellite monitoring of very small glaciers, Geosciences, 8(5), 174, [pdf].

Rieg L., Klug C., Nicholson L., Sailer R. (2018) Pléiades tri-stereo data for glacier investigations – Examples from the European Alps and the Khumbu-Himal, Remote Sensing, 10(10), 1563, doi: 10.3390/rs10101563 [pdf].

Klug, C., Bollmann, E., Galos, S., Nicholson, L., Prinz, R., Rieg, L., Sailer, R., Stötter, J., and Kaser, G. (2018) Geodetic reanalysis of annual glaciological mass balances (2001–2011) of Hintereisferner, Austria, The Cryosphere, 8, 833-849, [pdf].

Strasser, U., Marke, T., Braun, L., Escher-Vetter, H., Juen, I., Kuhn, M., Maussion, F., Mayer, C., Nicholson, L., Niedertscheider, K., Sailer, R., Stötter, J., Weber, M., and Kaser, G. (2018) The Rofental: a high Alpine research basin (1890 m – 3770 m a.s.l.) in the Ötztal Alps (Austria) with over 150 years of hydro-meteorological and glaciological observations, Earth System Science Data 10, 151-171, [pdf].

Wirbel, A., Jarosch, A. H. and Nicholson, L. (2018) Modelling debris transport within glaciers by advection in a full-Stokes ice flow model, The Cryosphere, 12, 189-204, [pdf].

Evatt, G. W., Mayer, C., Mallinson, A. Abrahams, I. D., Heil, M. and Nicholson, L. (2017) The secret life of ice sails. Journal of Glaciology. [pdf]

Nicholson, L. and Mertes, J. (2017) Thickness estimation of supraglacial debris above ice cliff exposures using a high resolution digital surface model derived from terrestrial photography. Journal of Glaciology. doi:10.1017/jog.2017.68 [pdf]

Benn, D., Thompson, S., Gulley, J., Mertes, J., Luckman, A. and Nicholson, L. (2017) Structure and evolution of the drainage system of a Himalayan debris-covered glacier, and its relationship with patterns of mass loss, The Cryosphere, 11, 2247-2264, [pdf]

Mertes, J. D, Gulley, J. D., Benn, D. I., Thompson, S.S. and Nicholson, L.I.  (2017) Using Structure from Motion to create DEMs and Orthoimagery Using Historical Terrestrial and Oblique Aerial Imagery from 1896, 1936 and 1978, Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, doi: 10.1002/esp.4188 [pdf]

Prantl, H., Nicholson, L., Sailer, R., Hanzer, F., Rastner, P. and Juen, I. (2017) Glacier snowline determination from terrestrial laser scanning intensity data, Geosciences, 7, 60, doi:10.3390/geosciences7030060. [pdf]

Galos, S. P., Klug, C., Maussion, F., Covi, F., Nicholson, L., Rieg, L., Gurgiser, W., Mölg, T. and Kaser, G. (2017) Reanalysis of a ten year record (2004-2013) of seasonal mass  balances at Langenferner / Vedretta Lunga, Ortler-Alps, Italy, The Cryosphere, 11, 1417–1439. [pdf]

Nicholson, L. I., Petlicki, M., Partan, B., and MacDonell, S. (2016) 3D surface properties of glacier penitentes over an ablation season, measured using a Microsoft Xbox Kinect, The Cryosphere, 10, 1897-1913, doi:10.5194/tc-10-1897-2016. [pdf]

Hartl, L., Fischer, A., Klug, C. and Nicholson, L. (2016) Can a simple Numerical Model Help to Fine-Tune the Analysis of Ground-Penetrating Radar Data? Hochebenkar Rock Glacier as a Case Study. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 48 (2), 377-393. [pdf]

Prinz, R., Nicholson, L.I., Mölg, T., Gurgiser, W., and Kaser, G. (2016) Climatic controls and climate proxy potential of Lewis Glacier, Mt. Kenya, The Cryosphere, 10, 133-148. [pdf]

Collier, E., Maussion, F., Nicholson, L.I., Mölg, T., Immerzeel, W. W. and Bush, A.B.G. (2015) Impact of debris cover on glacier ablation and atmosphere-glacier feedbacks in the Karakoram. The Cryosphere, 9, 1617-1632. [pdf]

Collier, E., Nicholson, L.I., Brock, B.W, Maussion, F., Essery, R. and Bush, A.B.G. (2014) Representing moisture fluxes and phase changes in glacier debris cover using a reservoir approach. The Cryosphere, 8, 1429-1444. [pdf]

Gurgiser, W, Marzeion, B., Nicholson, L., Kaser, G. and Ortner, M. (2013) Modeling energy and mass balance of Shallap Glacier, Peru. The Cryosphere, 7, 1787-1802. [pdf]

MacDonell, S., Kinnard, C., Mölg, T., Nicholson, L. and Abermann, J. (2013) Meteorological drivers of ablation processes on a cold glacier in the semiarid Andes of Chile. The Cryosphere, 7, 1513-1526. [pdf]

Gurgiser, W., Mölg, T., Nicholson, L. and Kaser, G. (2013) Mass balance model parameter transferability on a tropical glacier. Journal of Glaciology, 59 (217), 845-858. [pdf]

Nicholson, L., Prinz, R., Mölg, T. and Kaser, G. (2013) Micrometeorological conditions and surface mass and energy fluxes on Lewis glacier, Mt Kenya, in relation to other tropical glaciers. The Cryosphere, 7, 1205-1225. [pdf]

Nicholson, L. and Benn, D. I. (2012) Properties of supraglacial debris in relation to surface energy and mass balance modelling of debris covered glaciers. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 38 (5), 490-501 DOI: 10.1002/esp.3299. [pdf]

MacDonell, S., Nicholson, L. and Kinnard, C. (2012) Parameterisation of incoming longwave radiation over glacier surfaces in the semiarid Andes of Chile. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 111, 3-4, 513-528 DOI: 10.1007/s00704-012-0675-1. [pdf]

Prinz, R., Nicholson,L. and Kaser, G. (2012) Variations of the Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya, 2004-2012. Erdkunde, 66 (3), 255-22.  [pdf]

Benn, D.I., Bolsch, T., Hands, K., Gulley, J., Luckman, A. Nicholson, L.I., Quincey, D., Thompson, S., Toumi, R., Wiseman, S.  (2012) Response of debris-covered glaciers in the Mount Everest region to recent warming, and implications for outburst flood hazards. Earth-Science Reviews, 114, 156-174. [pdf]

Rabatel, A., Castebrunet, H., Favier, V., Nicholson L., and Kinnard, C. (2011) Glacier changes in the  Pascua-Lama region, Chilean Andes (29° S): recent mass-balance and 50-year surface-area variations. The Cryosphere, 5, 1029-1041. [pdf]

Prinz, R., Fischer, A., Nicholson, L., Kaser, G. (2011) Seventy-six years of mean mass balance rates derived from recent and re-evaluated ice volume measurements on tropical Lewis Glacier, Mount Kenya. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L20502, doi:10.1029/2011GL049208. [pdf]

Nicholson, L., Marín, J., Lopez, D., Rabetel, A., Bown, F., and Rivera, A. (2010) Glacier inventory of the upper Huasco valley, Norte Chico, Chile: glacier characteristics, glacier change and comparison to central Chile. Annals of Glaciology, 50 (53), 111-118. [pdf]

Kinnard C., Koerner, R. M., Zdanowicz, C. M., Fisher, D. A., Zheng, J., Sharp, M. J., Nicholson, L. and Lauriol, B. (2009) Stratigraphic analysis of an ice core from the Prince of Wales icefield, Ellesmere Island, Arctic Canada, using digital image analysis: high-resolution density, past summer warmth reconstruction and melt effect on ice core solid conductivity. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D24120, doi:10.1029/2008JD011083. [pdf]

Lukas, S., Nicholson, L.I., Humlum, O. (2007). Comment on Lønne and Lyså 2005: “Deglaciation dynamics following the Little Ice Age on Svalbard: Implications for shaping of landscapes at high latitudes, Geomorphology 72, 300-319”. Geomorphology, 84, 145-149. [pdf]

Nicholson L. and Benn, D. I. (2006) Calculating ice melt beneath a debris layer using meteorological data. Journal of Glaciology, 52 (178), 463-470. [pdf]

Diolauiti, G., Kirkbride, M., Smiraglia, C., Benn, D. I., D’Agata, C., and Nicholson, L. (2005) Calving processes and Lake evolution at Miage glacier (Mont Blanc, Italian Alps). Annals of Glaciology, 40, 207-214. [pdf]

Lukas, S., Nicholson, L., Ross F. H., and Humlum, O. (2005) Formation, meltout processes and landscape alteration of high-arctic ice-cored moraines – examples from Nordenskiöld Land, Central Spitsbergen. Polar Geography, 29 (3), 57-187. [pdf]

Other publications (9)

Shukla A, Nicholson L, Banerjee A, Fujita K and Quincey DJ (2022) Editorial: Debris-covered glaciers: Formation, governing processes, present status and future directions. Front. Earth Sci. 10:1021292. doi: 10.3389/feart.2022.1021292

Price, M. F., Gurgiser, W., Juen, I., Adler, C., von Dach, S. W., Kaser, G., & Mayr, S. (2022). The International Mountain Conference, Innsbruck, Austria, September 2019 (IMC2019): A Synthesis with Recommendations for Research. Mountain Research and Development, 42(1), A1-A6. [link]

Racoviteanu, A., Nicholson, L. and Glasser, N. (2020) Debris-covered glaciers and related lakes: understanding the challenges. Geoscientist 30 (2), 24-25. [link][pdf]

Bolch, T, Shea, JM, Liu, S, Azam, FM, Gao, Y, Gruber, S, Immerzeel, W, Kulkarni, A, Tahir, A, Zhang, G, Zhang, Y, Bannerjee, A, Berthier, E, Brun, F, Kääb, A, Kraaijenbrink, P, Moholdt, G, Nicholson, L, Pepin, N, Racoviteanu, A & Fujita, K (2019) Status and Change of the Cryosphere in the Extended Hindu Kush Himalaya Region In: Wester P., Mishra A., Mukherji A., Shrestha A. (eds) The Hindu Kush Himalaya Assessment – Mountains, Climate Change, Sustainability and People. Springer.

Rieg L., Klug C., Nicholson L., Sailer R. and Wirbel A. (2016) Mass balance processes on glaciers in the Khumbu-Himal (Nepal) based on Pléiades tri-stereo data, 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS), Beijing, 2016, pp. 7113-7116. doi: 10.1109/IGARSS.2016.7730856

Rastner, P., Hanzer, F., Klug, C., Nicholson, L., Notarnicola, C., Prinz, R., Sailer, R., Siegmann, M., Strasser, U. (2014) Uncertainties of meltwater modelling to runoff: scopes of the hiSNOW project. In: Abstracts of the International Symposium on The Future of the Glaciers: From the past to the next 100 years, Torino, Italy. Torino: University of Torino, S. 35. [pdf]

Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Hardy, D., Kaser, G., Nicholson, L., Prinz, R., Winkler, M. (2013) East African glacier loss and climate change: Corrections to the UNEP article “African without ice and snow”, Environmental Development, 6, 1-6. [pdf]

Cogley, J.G., Hock, R., Rasmussen, L.A., Arendt, A.A., Bauder, A.,  Braithwaite, R.J., Jansson, P., Kaser, G., Möller, M., Nicholson, L. and Zemp, M. (2011) Glossary of Glacier Mass Balance and Related Terms, IHP-VII Technical Documents in Hydrology No. 86, IACS Contribution No. 2, UNESCO-IHP, Paris. [pdf]

Winkler, M., Prinz, R., Nicholson, L., Cullen, N. and Kinnard, C.(2011). Ice-mounted masts as platforms for micro-meteorological measurements on glaciers. In: IASC Workshop on the use of automatic measuring systems on glaciers: Extended abstracts and recommendations. Pontresina (Switzerland): IMAU, Utrecht University, the Netherlands. [pdf]

Nicholson, L. (2003) Thermal properties of supraglacial debris, Ngozumpa Glacier, Nepal. Quaternary Newsletter, 101, pp. 66-69. [pdf]

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